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2005.11.18

Digital Review of the Asia Pacific

IMG_1814……という、アジア太平洋の国と地域の情報化の状況について記した要覧があるのですが(詳細はこの辺を参照)、その出版発表会が、16日に始まった世界情報社会サミット(WSIS)のパラレル・イベントとして開催されました。この要覧は、アジア太平洋の29の国と地域における情報化の状況を、産業、政策、技術、利用といった観点から記したものになってまして、日本の章は、同僚2名と一緒にわたくしが書きました。出版発表会では、国別の章の担当者のうち、WSISに居合わせた香港、インドネシア、日本、カンボジア、スリランカ、ネパールの担当者と、テーマ別の章の担当者のうちインターネット・ガバナンスの章を書いた担当者が短いプレゼンを行ない、わたくしも日本の章の担当者ということで発表しました。写真は、そのときの様子です(撮影: M君)。

発表の内容も散逸しないうちに貼り付けておきます。

Building More Inclusive Information Societies in the Asia Pacific: A Japanese Perspective

What do we need to make information societies more inclusive? By inclusive, I mean to include diversity of society. Let me share my thoughts and reflections on this topic from a Japanese perspective.

Nearly a year ago, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications of the Government of Japan published a new policy document on u-Japan, meaning ubiquitous Japan. 'Ubiquitous' here obviously stands for ubiquitous network. Now that Japan, among other countries, has almost completed a nation wide broadband infrastructure, the document tries to take care of various issues beyond network infrastructure and access. Our focus moved from infrastructure and access to content and to users now.

One of such issues I would like to raise here is user-oriented-ness. This is also the point that was made in the Civil Society Panel in the Tokyo Ubiquitous Network Conference that was held in Tokyo earlier this year.

Network may be built ubiquitous. But the information which it carries may not. At least it is not ubiquitously the same across users. Every user has their own needs, preferences and constraints. Therefore, we need to provide appropriate audience with appropriate information by an appropriate means.

Japan tends to be viewed as a homogeneous country. But that is not true. In Japan, the communities of non-Japanese residents are growing. Koreans are known to be one of the biggest minority groups in Japan, but recently, immigrants of other ethnic origin are also growing. Descendants of Japanese from Latin America are also coming back to Japan to stay and work. Even without them, we are, of course diverse in terms of gender, age, economic affordability and disability.

Inclusive information societies need to address this diversity in full. And we need to make sure our effort does not come short and superficial.

I would like to share the lesson learned from the Kobe Earthquake in 1995, which shows that inclusiveness suddenly falls apart once a major incident or disaster occurs. In the aftermath many non-Japanese residents were left out from information, because there were no suitable channel to deliver information for them. One of the reasons was language. And many of you may remember the natural disasters around the world for the last twelve months.

What I have described may be an extreme example, but the point is that inclusiveness is a very fragile notion, which you may not notice until something happens.

Inclusive information societies should be based on the inclusion and accommodation of diversity. You have to be aware of the unfilled gaps and unmet needs which diversity may raise. We need to have our societies inclusive before attempting to make information societies inclusive.

ところで、チュニスのホテル。その後色々あって、今、この瞬間はチュニス市内でも多分もっとも高級なホテルであるSheraton Tunisに滞在しています。1泊320ユーロ也。昨日は一日20ディナール(約1,600円)という安宿に泊まってました。シェラトンの28分の1の値段です。あまりの変貌ぶりに体がついていけなさそう。

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» 国連情報社会サミット閉幕 [ネット社会、その光と闇を追うー]
◆インターネット管理、米国独占 変わらず          [続きを読む]

受信: 2005.11.19 19:22

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